pfs1002 BANARAS -ingredients paan

ingrediënts pan

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ingrediënts of paan (pan)
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1. Paan, also spelt pan, also called betel quid, an Indian after-dinner treat that consists of a betel leaf (Piper betle) filled with chopped betel (areca) nut (Areca catechu) and slaked lime (chuna; calcium hydroxide), to which assorted other ingredients, including red katha paste (made from the khair tree [Acacia catechu]), may be added. Paan is served folded into a triangle or rolled, and it is spat out or swallowed after being chewed. It dates to ancient times and originated in India before becoming popular in other Asian countries. Although it is sometimes used as a palate cleanser and digestive aid, paan often acts as a caffeinelike stimulant and is addictive. It can result in tooth and gum decay, and the areca nut has been linked to certain cancers.
www.britannica.com

2. ingrediënts betel

slaked (=change the chemical nature by adding water)lime, catechu, betel nut and betel leaves. The leave can be preserved for 8 months and gains in price every day until it sells for about a rupee each in Oktober and November. Thousands of shops.

Muksho Shodhan: purify the mouth after a meal. Also a symbol for making friendship it means you will respect each other when you accept it. Tambul= de Sanskrit name.
Offergave is zonder tabak en spice.
zie ook het boek van Kubernath Sukul blz.319

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pfs0997 BANARAS ‘City of God, Heart of India’

Banaas, city of Gods, Heart of India

“Where the Ganges makes a broad sweep to the North, there lies Banaras, the city which all Hindu´s consider the holiest of holy cities in India. In a tradition which goes further than our western civilisation, the people here live amongst thousands of temples and the ´ghats´, the steps which go down to the river, a feature which has made the city a famous landmark. Bathing in the Ganges, the river that they believe was transported from heaven to earth, is the first deed of the newly arrived pilgrims and the daily ritual of the inhabitants. Banaras is also the last destination of many old and sick people who come to the city to die. For them, cremation and the strewing of their ashes in the river mean the liberation ´muksha´ of their souls from the vicious circle of reincarnation. To live here has become the goal of life for many and this makes the daily rhythm of the city one of resignation and serene stillness, but there is also an atmosphere of the famous savoir-vivre and tolerance, different to other cities in India”.

ISBN 90-6831-956-6 BENARES “Stad van Goden Hart van India”
ISBN 81-7010-302-9 BANARAS “Visions of a Living ancient Tradition”

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1052 BANARAS: “at the Manikarnika well”

Life and death, creation and destruction: one experience in Banaras. No pilgrim will forget to visit the sacred pond just above the Manikarnika cremation ground. It is exactly at this spot that Vishnu produced the energy that created the world. With his sweat the pond was filled and when Shiva saw the splendour of creation and danced his earring (manikarnika) fell into the pond.
Carana paduka (Chakrapushkarini)
Between the Manikarnika pool and the ghat is a small pavilion where a marble tablet can be found with a footprint of Shiva.

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1052, tourism, travel, India, religion, Ganges, Ganga, Kashi, Varanasi, Banaras, Benares, hinduism, rural, Uttar-Pradesh, river, water, holy, sacred, city, ancient, death, ganges, india, Indian, carana paduka, manikarnika, well, earring, footprint, Shiva

pfs1004 BANARAS: traffic is a jugler-game at Godowlia

In India and in Banaras we witness not only a tremendous increase in the population. People also undergo the benefits and consequences of a fast-growing economy. As in many Indian cities, a strong municipality in Banaras will have to decide to keep buses and cars out of the city centre that was originally built for pedestrians.

Er is geen systeem, maar er gebeuren niet zo veel ongelukken. Als er regels komen, gebeuren er ook meer ongelukken. Hier geld het recht van de sterkste; de straat is een gekkenhuis en een rokende bus naast de rickshaw maakt het er niet beter op. Als het verkeer vastloopt slaat de politie met lange latten op de ruggen van de rickshawrijders. Bullocks zijn onafhankelijk, hindu’s vinden dat ook belangrijk. Zo is het leven hier eenieder moet zich vrij kunnen bewegen. Als je hier eenmaal bent, ga je niet meer weg!

in Banaras traffic is a juggler game

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photographer: Robert Schilder 1990
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1pfs034 BANARAS: ashram with pastel colours

There is a room for everyone somewhere in Banaras, depending on your caste and region.

Al naargelang de kaste, de streek en de afkomst kan ieder wel ergens in Benares een onderkomen vinden.

BANARAS ashram with pastelcolours

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1048 BANARAS: houseboats near the ghats of the river Ganges in Banaras

black and white photograph of houseboats near the ghats of the river Ganges in Banaras

houseboats near the ghats of the river Ganges in Banaras
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1048, tourism, travel, India, religion, Ganges, Ganga, Kashi, Varanasi, Banaras, Benares, hinduism, rural, Uttar-Pradesh, river, water, holy, sacred, city, ancient, death, ganges, india, indian, houseboats,

1097 BANARAS: Silk fabrics from Banaras

Silk fabrics made in Varanasi for the French Haute couture market

Silk fabrics from Banaras

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1097, silk, fabrics, Paris, tourism, travel, India, religion, Ganges, Ganga, Kashi, Varanasi, Banaras, Benares, hinduism, rural, Uttar-Pradesh, river, water, holy, sacred, city, ancient, artisan, ansari, ganges, india, indian, handmade, loom

1042 BANARAS: water carriers

As they carry huge copper pots with Ganges water on their shoulders, they call Shiva’s name “Hara, hara mahadeva”, once they have entered the temple they pour their lavish offerings over the lingam.
Terwijl ze enorme koperen potten met Ganges-water op hun schouder naar boven dragen roepen ze Shiva’s naam “Hara, hara mahadeva”, eenmaal binnengekomen in de tempel gieten ze hun kwistige offerandes over de lingam

Banaras water carriers

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1093 BANARAS: interview Om Prakash Sharma

“Not so long ago, worshipping the elements was a daily routine, People were living according to nature and the priests were not only administrating but were also experimenting with nature, This gave a practical meaning to temple life. Every morning Hindu people have their duty to do puja, and they offer water to the rising of the sun.
The yoga that we know now, has come from ‘byayan’. In the old days it was related to religion, now only the positions have remained. Saffran clothes have also the colour of the rising sun.

All festivals were celebrated according to the seasons. If the season changed, people would start to prepare a different kind of food. When, for instance, wood-apple leaf and fruits were offered to Shiva, it was only accepted up to a certain time and after that, the food would become poisonous. People were also worshipping the trees because they got coolness from them and fresh air, this was only done in the morning because then the tree gives oxygen and thy were aware of these things. Like the neem-tree was supposed to cure diseases and give protection against small-pox.

Now, man is in control of the machine, or at least he thinks so. We totally depend on machines, if electricity fails we are disturbed. Slowly, slowly we have less time and are becoming ‘anti’ from this feeling of nature. Still everything cannot be washed away, maybe in a different way or with a different name, but old values will remain. Good scholars will come and they will start to research again.

In the festivals the text is very important, without it we cannot celebrate. There are two types, one is related to the ‘sastras’ or holy books, the other is oral transmission. Family traditions say which God will be worshipped and in what way. Like on the occasion of Durga festival, you will see big lines
of people and this causes that they will throw their offerings, flowers and coconuts to the idol. But it will be accepted and the pilgrims will be happy and that means their life is o.k. With the grace of some God their family is growing. They who worship Durga will not go to a Vishnu temple. Pilgrims have only one aim and they will see only that.”